National Pollution Prevention Day falls on December 2nd every year, in the reminiscence of the thousands of human beings who lost their lives in the Bhopal gas calamity. Bhopal Gas Tragedy took place on the night of 2nd and 3rd December in the year 1984 where there was an unintentional discharge of a poisonous chemical known as Methyl Isocyanate (MIC).
More than 500,000 people were exposed to this poisonous gas out of which around 3,787 people died in the first few hours of their exposure to it, as declared by the government of Madhya Pradesh. In the next 72 hours, around 8,000 to 10,000 people lost their lives whereas around 25,000 people died later succumbing to the gas-related diseases. It was recognized as the biggest industrial pollution disaster in the history of India which called for immediate preventive measures to ensure that such disasters don’t happen in future.
What are the objectives of National Pollution Control Day?
- To manage and control industrial disasters
- To prevent water, air and soil pollution.
- To make people and industries well informed about the importance of pollution control acts.
What are the prevention methods taken by the Indian Legislation?
Various acts and rules have been declared by the Government of India in response to the tragedy for the control and prevention of pollution all over India. Some of them are:
- Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1974
- Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act of 1977
- Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1981
- Environment (Protection) Rules of 1986
- Environment (Protection) Act of 1986
- Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules of1989
- Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1989
- Manufacture, Storage, Import, Export & Storage of Hazardous Micro- Organisms, Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells Rules of 1989
- Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules of 1996
- Bio-Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1998
- Recycled Plastics Manufacture & Usage Rules of 1999
- Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation) Rules of 2000
- Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules of 2000
- Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 2000
- Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules of 2001
- Maharashtra Bio- Degradable Garbage (Control) Ordinance of 2006
- Environment Impact Assessment Notification of 2006
What are the Control Measures?
- Biomedical waste treatment facility
- Electronic waste treatment facility
- Energy saving projects
- Hazardous waste management in urbanized areas
- Projects on the Clean Development Mechanism
- Reduce generation of waste
- Reuse of waste and producing energy from the waste
- Resources recovery project
- Scientific treatment of solid waste and its management
- Sewage treatment facility
- Urban Waste water treatment and reuse project
- Water supply projects
Pollution has become a topic of concern in every country. Negative impacts of pollution are quite known and visible. The only way to put a stop to pollution is to create alertness about the issues caused by pollution as well as the measures that can be taken to reduce pollution levels. In order to overcome pollution enraged environment, the entire world needs to come together as one community and take an action.
By Dr. Deepak Talwar
Chair & Director – Metro Centre for Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine
Metro Hospitals & Heart Institute, Noida
To book an appointment call, +91 99104 92867 or visit our website: www.metrohospitals.com