World AIDS Vaccine Day

HIV is considered as one of the most intricate health problems humankind has ever faced. The virus evolves three to seven times faster than any other biological known entity. This virus is smart enough as it hides itself from the immune system and then directly attacks the cells which protect our body from various types of infections.

The last one and half decade had been very critical for the world in its fight against this deadly virus HIV. At present, about 36.7 million people are living with this menace globally, but the good news is that the new infections have been decreased down and so are the deaths caused by this infection. So, on this World AIDS Vaccine day, let’s have a look at how far the world has progressed in its fight against HIV since 2000.

18th May is observed as World AIDS Vaccine Day, as the day aims to raise the awareness for the prolonged need for vaccination to keep infections at bay. Apart from raising awareness for the need of vaccine, the day also gives us an opportunity to recognize the contribution and thanks many volunteers, community members, health professionals and scientist who are working hard together to find a safe and effective preventive HIV vaccine. The day also helps the victims of the infection as they also receive admiration from everyone on this poignant day.
In the year 1997, then President Bill Clinton during a speech at Morgan State University asked experts and scientist worldwide to work and develop a vaccine which will be responsible in the fight against HIV virus. He also added that developing a vaccine will be the only way to limit the spread of the virus eventually wiping it out.


What is HIV?

HIV is a retrovirus which attacks the immune cells known as CD-4, which are considered as the subset of T cells. AIDS is a syndrome, which may be or may be not appears in the advanced stage of HIV infection. The virus affects all the tissues of the body but only gets transmitted through the body fluids of an infected person (semen, vagina fluid, and blood and breast milk). Without any treatment, the virus progress and will finally get transformed into AIDS in majority of cases.
Some early symptoms of HIV Infection:

There are various cases where people with HIV infection have no symptoms until several months or even years after catching the virus. Though in 80% of the cases the symptoms are much similar to that of flu which develops within 2-6 weeks after catching the virus. This is known as acute retroviral syndrome.

The symptoms of early HIV include:
• Fever
• Chills
• Pain in joints
• Pain in muscles
• Sweats (especially during at night)
• Enlarged glands
• A red rash
• Tiredness
• Weakness
• Unintentional weight loss
• thrush

HIV prevalence in India:

India is considered as the third largest HIV epidemic country across the globe. The prevalence of HIV in India in the year 2016 was estimated to be 0.3%. The figure is small when compared to the most other middle income countries. Due to the huge Indian population (1.324 billion), this small figure of 0.3% equates that about 2 million of people are living or are infected with HIV virus. In the very same year, about 62,000 people died because of AIDS related illness in the country.

But the god news is that the overall HIV epidemic in the country has been lowered down with about 32% decline in the new HIV infections (80,000 in 2016), and nearly about 54% decline in AIDS- related deaths between 2007-2015.

“If we look over at these three diseases, the three major killers – HIV, TB and Malaria. The only disease for which we have really good drug is HIV. On this World Aids Vaccine day let’s get ourselves and our family member vaccinated for HIV before it gets too late because prevention is always better than cure.”

Metro Group of Hospitals have got advanced technology and expert doctors to diagnose and handle this kind of disorders. You can enquire or book an appointment at +919910492867 or e-mail:


International No Diet Day

International No Diet Day lays emphasis on accepting our body in the way it is, fat or slim, bulky or skinny. It also lays emphasis on adopting healthy methods of maintaining good body shape rather than opting for crash diets and skipping meals which has adverse implication on our health.

During our school days we were taught about a very sensitive topic of body image, where we were told to embrace our bodies and love ourselves for whom we are; but now we are bombarded with the social media which is putting lot of prominence on having a “magazine model” body shape. “Magazine Model” body shape means you have to be fit, healthy and attractive and if by any chance you don’t have these traits or qualities then you do not fall into the category of “beautiful”.

Every individual is trying their best to fit into the category of beautiful and for this they are going beyond their strength. They put themselves on various kind of diet such as on liquid diet, etc, they exercise to their core and do all the possible and impossible things they can think of doing to get fit into the category of beautiful.

Bodies are beautiful with all shapes and sizes, hence to make majority of people to embrace their body shape and size, 6th May is being observed as International No Diet Day. The aim of the day is to raise awareness about acknowledging the beauty and diversity of all body types along with informing people that how unhealthy fad dieting is. The day also informs the public about various dieting disorders such as Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa.

History of International No Diet Day:

The day was 1st observed in the year 1992 by Mary Evans; to help the people to appreciate their own bodes. Mary Evans has herself suffered from anorexia. She had started an organization named “Diet Breakers” and then afterwards organized the 1st International No Diet Day to bring out the attention of masses to both the organization and the cause.

How to celebrate International No Diet Day

One of the best ways to celebrate International No Diet Day by understanding that our body is beautiful exactly the way it is. It’s better to celebrate the day by adopting a healthier lifestyle rather than focusing on shedding weight to look a particular way.

  • Eat and Eat Well:

Cutting down on meals is not the appropriate way to stay in shape. Our body needs certain amount of calories to function properly. The key is to eat organic fruits, vegetables, nuts, etc. It’s time to throw away the chips and prepackaged junk and put more focus on wholesome and varied foods which will nourish you and thus fulfill the nutritional and calorie requirements in the body.

  • Check out for portion distortion:

Try to avoid big portions pile on extra calories as they are the main reason for weight gain. Sugary beverages like sodas, juice drinks, sports drinks, etc can lead to obesity. It will be better if you choose smaller portions over big portions and opt for water or low-fat milk instead of soda.

  • Never Skip breakfast

Skipping over breakfast is not a good idea as breakfast kick starts our metabolism. It has been observed that people who skip their breakfast often feel very hungry that they tend to eat more later on this will add more calories.

  • Exercise regularly

Exercising regularly will help you to burn calories and build muscles and thus will help you to look and feel good about your body.

One should worry less about their final goal and should put more focus on keeping their body healthy by going out and doing body activities.

“The day serves as an opportunity to be finally free to love our own bodies!”

For appointments call +91 99104 92867 or email:

World Liver Day : Understand your liver, Prevent it from disease

Human liver is the second largest organ in the body and thus is a master player of our digestive system. Whatever we consume from food, to liquid, to medicine, everything passes through our liver. It is one of the most important parts of our body and thus is more prone to diseases.

According to the results published by World Health Organization, liver disease has now become the 10th leading cause of death in India.

On this World Liver Day, we want to make majority of people aware about the major cause of liver diseases, along with their symptoms and the necessary preventive measure one can take to keep their liver disease free.

Also read: World Liver Day

Key roles played by our liver:

  • It fight infections
  • It regulated blood sugar
  • Remove toxin from our body
  • Maintain the cholesterol of our body
  • Make protein
  • Releases bile juice and help in digestion process

We cannot survive without our liver and if proper care is not given then it can easily get damaged. Presently, no specific cure has been found which can treat the severe liver disease.

Also read: Most Common Digestive Disorders: Top to Bottom

Before going any further let’s have a look to the mentioned below statistics about liver disease:

  • According to the data published in the year 2014 by WHO, deaths due to liver disease in India has reached to 216,865 or 2.44% of total deaths.
  • As per WHO, liver disease is the 10th most common cause of death in India
  • On an average one in 5 Indian is affected with liver disease
  • Presently, liver cirrhosis is the 14th leading cause of deaths in the world and will be going to be the 12th leading cause of deaths by the end of 2020.
  • Nearly 10 lakh patients are being diagnosed with liver cirrhosis every year in India
  • Due to malignancy in the world, Liver cancer or Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most common cause of death.

Some major causes of liver disease:

  • Can be genetic or inherited
  • Unhealthy life style and irregular eating patterns
  • Infections such as Hepatitis A, B and C
  • Excessive intake of high cholesterol foods and alcoholic drinks
  • High body mass index, which is generally associated with type 2 diabetes risk
  • Obesity

Various symptoms of liver disease and cancer:

  • Sudden loss of weight
  • Decrease in appetite
  • Vomiting and feeling of nausea
  • General weakness and fatigue
  • Constant pain in the upper abdomen
  • Enlargement of liver (hepatomegaly)
  • Swelling in the abdomen (ascites)
  • Enlargement of spleen

Also read: World Hepatitis Day – Eliminate of Viral Hepatitis

Preventive methods to keep your liver disease free and healthy:

  • Exercise regularly
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet
  • Add more quantity of fiber in your diet by including fruits, vegetables, whole grain bread, rice and cereals.
  • To avoid the infection of Hepatitis A, B and C, make sure you are going for safe blood transfusion.
  •  Try to maintain personal hygiene and wash your hands after using the washroom.
  • Avoid alcohol, tobacco and drugs as much as possible.

    Metro Group of Hospitals have the most experienced and renowned team of doctors for the treatment of Liver. If you experience any symptom listed above kindly consult the doctor. For appointments call +91 99104 92867 or email:

Fertility Screening Camp

Sometimes we need to do more than just keeping the fingers crossed. Get yourself screened and live the dream of having your own baby.

Metro India IVF Clinic at Metro Hospitals and Heart Institute, Noida, we are organizing a free fertility screening camp. The following are the details:

Date: Sunday, 15th,April, 2018
Timing: 10 am – 2 pm
Venue: 223,2nd,Floor,Gaurcity Plaza,Gaurcity,Noida extention.

Free Offerings
– Consultation with Senior IVF Specialist, Dr. Richika Sahay Shukla (Formerly at AIIMS & Sir Gangaram Hospital)

Special Discounts*
10% Discount on packages and procedures
25% Discount on Prescribed Investigations

For more information and registration, kindly call on +91 98701 08418, +91 99104 92867. Email:

Metro Health Fest 3

Metro Hospitals & Heart Institute, on the occasion of World Health Day, is organizing Metro Health Fest 3
Free Consultations in Following Specialities:
• Cardiology • Pulmonology • Orthopaedics
• Gynaecology • Paediatrics • Gastroenterology
• Neurology • Neuro Surgery • Rheumatology
• Eye • ENT • Internal Medicine
• Urology • Oncology • Laparoscopic Surgery
• Physiotherapy • Psychiatry • GI & Bariatric Surgery
• IVF • Nephrology & Kidney Transplant
Free Investigations:
• Bone Densitometry*
• Peak-flowmetry*
• ECG*
• Blood Sugar Test
• BP Check
• Pulmonary Function Test*
• Height & Weight Monitoring
Health Awareness Talk:
On this year’s World Health Day Theme – “Universal Health Coverage Everyone, Everywhere ”
Special talk on “Preventive Health Screening: Key to Good Health”
by Dr. Kiran Seth, Sr. Consultant – Physician Rheumatologist
Free Metro Privilege Card on registration, save upto 20% on future medical bills.
Buy 1 Preventive Health Check-Up Package & Get 1 Free (of equal or lesser value)
Registrations & more Information: +91 99104 92867, +91 120 4366 666
Date & Time: Sunday, 8th April, 2018; 10 am to 2 pm (Registrations: 9:30 am – 12:30 pm)
Venue: OPD, Metro Hospitals & Heart Institute (Multispeciality Wing), L-94, Sec. – 11, Noida
World Water Day: Now or Never

World Water Day: Now or Never

75% of our planet is covered with water and that’s the reason we are called the Blue Planet. But only 2.5% of water is fresh water which we use for drinking and the rest of 97.5% is salt water.

Water is an intricate substance as it is associated to almost everything in the world. Water is a necessity for human existence and for the sustainability for the planet. Various organizations and environmentalists are revealing that our water supply is abating but very few of us are taking it seriously. As reported by WHO, almost 80% of all our diseases in the developing world are related to water. As predicted by United Nations, on an average 30% of the world’s population who are living in 50 countries will experience the shortage of water by the year 2025.We all know the importance of water but still we are not doing much to conserve it.

To make people realize about the importance of water and the need to use water judiciously, 22nd March is being observed as World Water Day all across the globe, as directed by United Nations General Assembly in the year 1993. The main aim of the day is to increase the awareness among the public with the importance and the need of conservation of water.

This year the theme for the day is- ‘Nature based solutions for water’ which will draw attention towards the importance of freshwater and encouraging for sustainable management of freshwater resources.

World Water Day: Now or Never

Some facts about the global usage of water:

  • World’s population is growing nearly by 80 million people every year.
  • We nearly use 10 billion tons of fresh water every day.
  • 150 liters is the average amount of water each of us uses every day for washing, cleaning and cooking purpose.
  • The withdrawal of freshwater has tripled over the last 50 years.
  • Demand of freshwater is increasing by 64 billion cubic meters every year. (1 cubic meter= 1,000 liters)
  • 70% of water is used for agricultural purpose
  • 20% is used by the industries
  • 10% is used for domestic purpose
  • In the recent year, the production of bio fuel is increasing rapidly, with the significant impact on the demand for water. Nearly about 1,000 to 4000 liters of water is required to produce 1liter of bio fuel.
  • On an average 80% of the disease occurring in “Developing” countries are majorly associated with water, causing nearly 3 million of early deaths.

Now let’s talk about the various methods we can use to conserve maximum amount of water from our end:

  • Turn off the taps: Make sure you are using water judiciously so that it doesn’t run out of control. You can save up to 6 liters of water a minute by turning off the tap while brushing the teeth.
  • Boil what you need: Try to boil as many cups of water as per your requirement; it will not only help you to save water but money and energy also.
  • Shower with less: Every minute spent in a power shower requires 17 liters of water. It’s better to keep the shower time short and water conservative.
  • Time your gardening: One of the smart and great water saving technique is to water the outdoor plants either in the early morning or at the end of the day. This technique will stops water from evaporating immediately in sunlight and heat. Make sure you are watering onto the soil rather than its leaves, as water on the soil will directly reach to roots of the plants, which is actually the basic requirement.
  • Catch Rainwater: Installation of water butts for rain water harvesting will help us to save approximately 5,000 liters of water every year.

In today’s time, water shortage is a bigger problem. Our population continues to grow and with the growing population the demand is also increasing. Due to all these things, Global Warming is increasing. We all need to take this matter seriously as soon as possible or else we will have water crisis in our hands very soon. In the coming future we will be definitely living in a blue planet but without a drop of water that’s safe to drink. So Metro Group of Hospitals requests you take a pledge that we will at-least take initiatives at our individual level to save water and help the coming generations.”

International Women’s Day : Mum’s The Word…

The number of institutional deliveries in Rajasthan has increased appreciably during last 10 years but, despite that within one hour of the birth is very low.
From medical reasons to traditional myths and now modern lifestyle, number of factors are depriving in the state from getting their mother’s first secretion which provides initial immunity to them.

metro Group of Hospital

Dismal Data

In Rajasthan, according to National Family and Health  Survey (NFHS) -4 (2015-16), institutional deliveries including public and private facilities are as high as 84 per cent. But around 72 per cent children under the age of 3 years were not breastfed within one hour of birth due to different reasons leaving them vulnerable to or even death. Prior to that, in NFHS-3 (2005-06), institutional delivery in Rajasthan was almost 30 per cent and only 13 per cent of children under the age of 3 years were breastfed within an hour of birth.

Not a Jaadu Ki Ghutti

Experts says that the reason behind contradiction has a lot to do with the state being deeply rooted in culture and complex geographical and economical scenario. “Due to prevalent myth, we see family members pouring drops of honey, water or jaggery into newborn’s mouth. It is popularly known as ghutti. In case of pre-mature delivery or poor physical condition due to ignorance and negligence in care during pregnancy, a number of mothers are unable to breastfeed their newborn. Weak babies, born in such a condition, are also unable to suck,” , Mission Director, said.

Director, reproductive and child health, Dr SM Mittal, while speaking about the gap between institutional deliveries and within an hour of birth said, “It is social and traditional myth, which is largely depriving children from within one hour of birth. We are creating awareness towards this and are hopeful that the figure will improve.”

‘Golden Hour Feeding’

“The first secretion of mother contains high amount of lactogen in carbohydrates which is important for growth of intestines. Mother’s milk also contains immunoglobulin that develops immunity in . The recovery of babies born prematurely is 40 per cent faster if they are given mother’s milk. is beneficial for mother as well because breast feeding brings down possibility of breast cancer and help to get uterus in shape soon.”

Dr Virendra Mittal,Consultant – Paediatrics & Neonatology at Metro MAS Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan said.
Apart from within one hour of delivery, according to the latest survey, around 42 per cent children under six months are not exclusively breastfed in the state.

This is one of the reasons why the state has the of 41 against the national IMR of 34 as per the Sample Registration Survey- 2016.

Plans in Pipeline

So, does the state health department has any plan to fix the problem? “To increase is a key component of our state’s strategy to curb and cut IMR. For the purpose, 13 clinics at the mother milk banks in 13 cities have been established. These clinics will create awareness and facilitate , and also train, assist and treat lactating mothers. These clinics will also be helpful for mothers who have a premature delivery, unable to suckle because of cleft lips, retracted nipple, non-formation of milk etc. They will also counsel and train family members of the new mother not to give honey, water, ghutti and the like for first six months,” Devendra Agarwal, adviser to the state for Aanchal Mother’s milk bank project told DNA.

There are more efforts in pipeline. “Five more milk banks will be opened in next two months, which will also have clinics. Apart from these, 25 clinics will come up in next six months in districts with a high delivery load,” Agarwal added.

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