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Teen Suicide : Speak Up And Reach Out- Suicide Awareness and Prevention

About Teen Suicide

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), suicide is considered as the third-leading cause of death for 15 to 24 years old, after accidents and homicide, all across the globe.

The suicide rate in children is rare whereas during the adolescence phase the rate of suicide and suicide attempts increases greatly. The rate of suicides differs between boys and girls. The rate of suicide in girls is twice as compared to that of boys, where the suicide rate in boys is four times of girls. Generally girl’s use the method of over dosage of drugs or cutting themselves for suicide attempt whereas boys use more lethal methods such as firearms, hanging or jumping from heights.

Which teens are at the risk for suicides?Teen Suicide Speak Up And Reach Out- Prevent Suicide

Being a teenage is not easy, stuck in the grey area between childhood and adulthood. No doubt teenage is a phase of enormous possibility and opportunity, but this phase can also be a period of stress and worry.

Sexual identity, relationships and need for independence, these all are the phase of adolescences. There’s always a pressure to get perfectly fit in social circle, to perform excellently in academics and to act responsibly.

Young generations going through psychological problems such as anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, or insomnia are more prone to suicidal thoughts. Teenagers going through major life changes such as (divorce or parents, financial crisis, separation of parents, or a parent leaving home due to military service, victims of bullying, etc) are at the higher risk of suicidal thoughts.

Factors increasing the risk of suicide among the teens:

There are other several factors which increase the risk of suicide among teens, apart from those mentioned above:

  • Teens going through mental disorder and alcohol and drugs.
  • Family history of depression or suicide
  • A previous suicide attempt
  • Emotional, physical or sexual abuse
  • Dealing with homosexuality or bisexuality in an unsupportive family or community or school environment.
  • Absence of support network, imperfect relationships with parents and friends and the feeling of social isolation

The Signs of Warning:

Suicide in teen generally takes place because of various stressful events such as school problems like bullying, breakup with a loved one or death of someone very close to them, major family conflict, etc. So parents should keep a close eye on teens that are depressed and withdrawn.

  • When they talk about suicide or death in general
  • When they give hints that they might not be around anymore
  • When se start drifting themselves from friends and family
  • Start getting themselves into risk-taking behaviors
  • When teens face problem in concentrating or thinking clearly and lose interest in participating their favorite activities

What Parents can do?

  • It’s very important for parents to keep interacting and communicating with their kids while expressing their concern, love and support for them.
  • If the teen doesn’t feel comfortable while talking to parents, they should suggest some other relative like his close friend, teacher, counselor, etc.
  • Start understanding their warning signs and talk to them.
  • Always provide constant support to them and don’t let them feel alone.

If you facing any of the symptoms mentioned above, don’t wait another moment consult your doctor. Best Hospital in India ( Metro Group of Hospitals) has good expertise and advanced facilities to treat cases with high success rate. Kindly visit our website www.metrohospitals.com

Read original Article:  https://goo.gl/HXdh5e

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Most Common Digestive Disorders: Top to Bottom

Gastrointestinal disorder is a very common problem but mostly people avoid talking about it. There’s is no requirement to suffer in silence because today we will talk about most common digestive disorder from top to bottom with their symptoms as all the digestive disease has same symptoms and the most effective treatment available for them.

So let’s start with:

Gastro esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):

A heart burn once in a while is nothing to worry about, an antacid can easily solve the problem, but if it continues, then it is the symptom of GRED.

When the acid of the stomach backs up into the esophagus, there develops a condition known as acid reflux. Under this condition a burning pain evolves in the middle of the chest. This situation generally occurs after meals or at night.

GRED is a chronic digestive disorder that nearly affects 10 million people in our country every year. There are various symptoms for this disorder such as regular heartburn, bad breath, tooth erosion, nausea, and pain in the chest or in the upper part of the abdomen or encounter trouble in swallowing or breathing problem, in all these scenarios immediate doctor consultation is required.

Avoiding food and beverages which trigger the symptoms or by taking over the counter antacids to reduce the production of stomach acid and the inflammation of the esophagus. In the most severe condition of GRED surgery is required.

Gallstones:

Gallstones are the hard deposit that develops in the gallbladder. A gallbladder is small; pear shaped sack the stores and secretes the bile juices for the digestion. The main reason for the formation of gallstones is the excessive presence of cholesterol or waste in the bile or when the gallbladder doesn’t get empty properly.

According to one statistics women between the ages 20-60 years are three times at the risk of developing gallstones as compared to those of males belonging to the same age group. The main reason for this difference is estrogen, the primary female sex hormone.

There are times when these gallstones cause sharp pain in the upper-right part of the abdomen. The main cause of the pain is the blockage in the ducts from gallbladder to intestine.

Sometimes medications dissolve gallstones, and if medications fail then the next step is surgery to remove the gallbladder.

Celiac Disease:

Celiac disorder happens due to immune reaction to eating gluten. Gluten is a protein majorly found in wheat, rye and barely. Eating gluten in excess will damage the villi, which helps in absorbing the nutrients from the food that we eat.

The symptoms of celiac disease differ in both adults and children. In children the symptoms are: abdominal pain and bloating, diarrhea, constipation, weight loss and vomiting. Fatigue, bone loss, depression, seizure and anemia are the symptoms in adults.

There is no surgical treatment for celiac; the only treatment available is completely stopped eating of gluten. Instead of consuming gluten there are other alternative for them such as brown rice, quinoa, lentils, soy flour, corn four and amaranth.

Crohn’s Disease:

Crohn digestive disorder is also known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Crohn disease can affect any part of the digestive tract but the terminal ileum is the part which gets affected mostly. Terminal ileum is a connector which connects the end of the small bowel and the beginning of the bowel.

The exact reason for this disorder is still not known but family history and genetics plays an important role for the disease. Abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, weight loss, and fever are the most common symptoms for crohn disorder.

The treatment depends on the severity of the disorder which includes topical pain relievers, immunosuppressant and surgery.

Ulcerative Colitis:Most Common Digestive Disorders

Ulcerative colitis is another form of inflammatory bowel disorder. There is no difference in the symptoms of ulcerative colitis and crohn’s disease. In ulcerative colitis large intestine gets affected solely.

The symptoms of ulcerative colitis are frequent and urgent bowel movement, pain with diarrhea, blood in stool and cramps in the abdomen.

To some extent medication helps as they suppress the inflammation. In the severe scenarios surgery is performed to remove the colon.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome:

On an average 10 to 15 percent of people all across the globe are suffering from irritable bowel syndrome. It is one of the most common digestive disorders.

The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome can vary widely like: constipation or diarrhea, one day dry stool and loose watery on other day, bloating, etc.

The exact cause is still not known but the treatment largely depends on diet, such as high consumption of low-fat and high fiber meals and should avoid dairy products, alcohol, caffeine, artificial sweeteners and foods that produce gas.

Hemorrhoids:

Hemorrhoid is a very common digestive disorder which causes inflammation in blood vessels at the end of the digestive tracts. One of the important sing of hemorrhoids is the presence of bright red blood in the toilet during the movement of the bowel.

Hemorrhoids are painful and itchy at times. They can lead to chronic constipation, diarrhea, straining during bowel movement due to lack of fiber in the diet.

In the most severe conditions hemorrhoidectomy is performed for the removal of hemorrhoids by surgical method. Other treatment methods for hemorrhoids are: eating more of fibrous meal, intake of more water and exercise. Over the counter creams are helpful but only provide temporary relief.

Anal Fissure:

Anal fissure are the oval shaped, tiny tears formed in the lining at the very end of the digestive tract called anus.

The symptoms of anal fissure are same as of hemorrhoids like bleeding and pain after the movement of bowel. Fissures can be caused either by hard bowel movement or at times soft stool and diarrhea can lead to it.

The best treatment for fissure is the intake of diet rich in high fiber. Medications are used to give the relaxation to the anal sphincter muscles. Sitz baths are also helpful relieving the pain. In the chronic fissure cases, surgery is required for the anal sphincter muscle. More Information Consult our expert,Dr. B N Tandon ,Chairman, Metro Centre for liver & Digestive Diseases and Dr. Jitendra Kumar Agrawal ,Senior Consultant – G.I. Surgery  Gastroenterology & Gastro Surgery Department . To know more or book an appointment, e-mail: metro@metrohospitals.com or call: +919910492867

Diabetes: Control It, Prevent It, Beat It.

This year’s Theme: Women and Diabetes – Our right to a healthy future It’s better to get tested for Diabetes than to be at risk.

As we know that diabetes is the ninth leading cause of death in women globally. Every year nearly 2.1 million deaths occur all across the globe. According to the data published by various sources, the results are shocking, as currently over 199 million women are living with diabetes and this number is going to increase to 313 million by the year 2040.

Accounting for over 60 million women worldwide, two out of every five women who are living with diabetes are in the reproductive age group. Women living up with diabetes face lots of difficulty in conceiving and many women have poor pregnancy outcomes also.

Due to gestational diabetes (GDM), approximately one in seven births is affected by it. Gestational Diabetes can lead to sever threat to maternal and child health if neglected.

DIABETES IN INDIA AMONG WOMEN:

According to an official of Indian Institute of Public Health (IIPH), India have the second largest number of diabetic patients which is at 70 million, where China being the first which has about 110 million. The number of people living with diabetes is likely to increase to 120 million in the next 20 years as compared to current number i.e 70 million, in the country.

In India, the incidence of diabetes is increasing rapidly among women, especially who are living in urban areas. The rapid increase is putting these women at the risk of various other diseases, further leading to premature mortality.Facebook_Post

According to the latest study it has been found that the prevalence of the disease condition is 17.7% among the women of urban middle class while 10% among the women living in rural areas. This percentage is higher in urban women as women living up in urban areas have more responsibilities as they go out and work more often. Their eating habits are irregular and they don’t exercise regularly.

IMPACT OF DIABETES:

If diabetes is not controlled within a specific time frame, it can affect the other important organs of the body such as eyes, kidney and at worst can lead to depression. Women with gestational diabetes experience complication during pregnancies such as high blood pressure, large birth weight babies and obstructed labour. Notable number of females suffering from gestational diabetes may also go on to develop the type 2 diabetes which will further result in more complicated healthcare.

SIGN AND SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES:

In Females Especially:

  • Vaginal and oral yeast infections and vaginal thrush
  • Urinary infections
  • Female sexual dysfunction
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome

In both males and females:

  • Frequent urination
  • Feeling on nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Vision impairment
  • Either sudden weight loss or gain
  • Skin infections
  • Wounds that takes times in healing
  • Reduced the feeling in hands and feet
  • Breath that has a sweet, fruity or acetone odor
  • Increased thirst and hunger

TIPS FOR PREVENTION OF THE DISEASE:

It is advisable for everyone to follow these tips to beat the risk of developing diabetes:

  • A healthy lifestyle should be followed
  • Physical activity should be done regularly
  • The diet should be well balanced which should include whole grains, pulses, fruits, vegetables, low fat dairy.
  • Trans-fats should be avoided
  • A healthy weight should be maintained
  • De-stressing is important and can be done by listening music, book reading, etc.

So ladies don’t wait for the situation to get worse and start taking the preventive health steps from today onwards.

Metro Group of Hospitals has an advanced diagnostic facilities and very experienced and specialized Diabetes Specialists. We have handled complex Diabetes Cases with good results. More Information Consult our expert,Dr. Saibal Chakravorty ,Senior Consultant Internal Medicine Department . To know more or book an appointment, e-mail: metro@metrohospitals.com or call: +919910492867

World Immunization Day : What You Should Know About Immunizations

Every year, numerous diseases and disabilities are cured and prevented and more than 2 to 3 million deaths are prevented with a simple, cheap and inexpensive method known as ‘Vaccine’.

Vaccination is a biological composition which enhances the immunity to a specific disease. It majorly contains as agents that look like a disease causing microorganisms and is made from the weakened or dead forms of the microbes.

Vaccinations are considered as the most successful and inexpensive method to protect children’s health and their future. Improvement in the coverage of vaccination can help to prevent an additional of 1.5 million deaths yearly.National Immunization Awareness

10th November is observed as World Immunization Day, to spread awareness about the importance about getting timely vaccinations against vaccine preventable disease.

World Health Organization has proven that the immunization is one of the best tools for controlling and eliminating the life-threatening infectious diseases. Still there are 18.7 million of infants all across the globe that misses out for the basic vaccines.

Through routine health services in the year 2015, 85% of infants all across the world have received one dose of measles vaccine by their 1st birthday and 73% in 2000. PSince 1988, 3 countries have decreased down Polio cases by 99%. In todays time only 3 countries which include Afghanistan, Pakistan and Nigeria remains polio epidemic.

In the world, India has one of the biggest Universal Immunization Programs (UIP) in the terms of vaccines used, numbers of beneficiaries covered, geographical spread and human resources involved. Till date UIP has been successful in immunizing 65% of children in the first year of their life and thus the increase in the coverage has been stagnated. In the year 2014, the government of India has launched a vaccination program known as Mission Indradhanush with the aim to ensure full immunization to all the children up to the age of 2 years and pregnant females. All vaccines are available for free of cost under this program.

To reach out every child, UNICEF is working with the government and other organizations to enlarge the advantages of immunization for children because we can’t afford to let go any child unprotected against illness, disability and death.

Some interesting facts about Immunization:

  • In India, 9 million routine immunization sessions are being organized every year.
  • These Routine Immunizations sessions target 26 million children and 30 million pregnant women.
  • These sessions are served through a massive 27,000 cold chain stores.
  • 62 percent is the national average for full immunization (NFHS 3)
  • India has the highest number of children not immunized.
  • On every National Immunization Day, approximately 172 million children are being immunized for polio.
  • Every year, India’s polio vaccination campaign covers 800 million children.
  • A two-year Measles Rubella campaign to ensure children receive the second measles vaccination is targeting 410 million children.

Points to remember before getting vaccinated:

  • Make sure that one needle is used only one time.
  • Both the needle and the syringe should be discarded once after the use.
  • Doctor consultation is required before getting any kind of vaccination.
  • Always follow the immunization schedule.

More Information Consult our expert,Dr. Shalini Tyagi ,Senior Consultant and Head, Paediatrics & Neonatology Department .Call: 9910492867 or email: metro@metrohospitals.com

Take care of your feet more than your face

We all know that India is fast becoming the diabetes capital of the world. There are about 69.2 million diabetes patients in India which is expected to reach 123.5 million by the year 2040. Development of foot ulceration is a common problem in patients with longstanding diabetes. Life time risk of developing foot ulcer may be as high as 25%. Foot ulceration is one of the leading causes of hospital admission in patients with diabetes mellitus. 60% of admissions in diabetes patients are for foot problems. 1% of diabetes patients may lose a portion of their limb in lifetime. In India prevalence of foot ulcer in people with diabetes is 3%.

The reason why diabetes patients are more prone to foot problems are vasculopathy i.e. involvement of blood vessels, neuropathy i.e. involvement of nerves, development of infection and many other co-existing problems such as old age, immunosuppressive states, hypoproteinemia and poor blood sugar control. The blood vessels in diabetic patients are affected by atherosclerosis i.e. deposition of fat inside blood vessels causing lead pipe arteries with resultant loss of its elastic property. Further calcification of blood vessels lead to poor distal blood flow.

Neuropathy, the involvement of nerves can occur because of autonomic, sensory and motor neuropathy. Autonomic neuropathy is the loss of autonomic control resulting in inhibition of thermoregulatory function and sweating. It results in dry, scaly and stiff skin that is prone to cracking and allows the entry of bacteria. Sensory neuropathy is the loss of protective sensation. It starts distally and migrates proximally in stocking distribution. Motor neuropathy results in foot deformities like hammer toes, claw toes, hallux valgus and flat feet.

Presence of high plantar pressure due to obesity, deformities in the foot, limited joint mobility further leads to development of foot ulcer. Ill-fitting footwear may further aggravate the situation. Majority of ulcer occur below head of 1st metatarsophalangeal joint. Diabetic foot are usually classified as neuropathic foot or neuroischaemic foot meaning either only nerve is involved or both nerve and blood vessels are involved. There are various type of therapy available to treat diabetic foot ulcer ranging from simple surgical debridement to hyperbaric O2 therapy, vacuum therapy, injections of G-CSF/Zolendronate.

Prevention of the developing ulcer is better than cure
– Feet should be washed daily using warm water and soap. After washing, feet should be dried with a dry towel especially between the toes followed by application of moisturizing lotion.
– Avoid wearing socks with rough seams as seamless diabetic socks are available.

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More Information Consult our expert, Dr. Saibal Chakravorty ,Senior Consultant Internal Medicine.Call: 9910492867 or email: metro@metrohospitals.com

Reference Link:  http://bit.ly/2wTEXbV

Free Preventive Heart Screening Camp

Metro Group of Hospitals, on the occasion of World Heart Day, is organizing Free Heart Screening Camp across all its locations: Noida, Preet Vihar, Naraina, Gurgaon, Lajpat Nagar, Jaipur (here it will be on 29 September – 1st Oct.), Haridwar, Meerut, Rewari tomorrow i.e., Sunday, 24th September 2017.

Communicate the information to your friends and family, so that the interested people can take due advantage of this initiative.

– Free Facilities: ECG, ECHO Screening (if required), Blood Sugar (random), Consultation by Sr. Cardiologist & Family Privilege Card

VENUE: OPD of all group hospital locations

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SPECIAL WORLD HEART DAY OFFER*
• 50 % off on investigations (in-house)*
• Angiography @ Rs. 7,000+
• 20% Discount on Angioplasty**

METRO WORLD HEART DAY PACKAGE*
ECG, ECHO/TMT, Lipid Profile, Blood Sugar (F) and Consultation with Cardiologist
Rs.1,100

* offer valid till 15th Oct., 2017 for registered patients, and
for cash patients only **Excluding the cost of stent
+ Offer Valid for 24th Sept. to 15th Oct.

Call for more info: +91 85272 22111

https://www.facebook.com/events/158692471378761/

World Alzheimer’s Day : Alzheimer’s Disease and Fact

“Though those with Alzheimer’s might forget us, we as a society must remember them.”

According to health experts, it has been observed that in India a total of 3.7 million of people are suffering from Alzheimer and the figure is going to double up by the year 2030. Alzheimer is the most common form of dementia and other neurological related disorders.

With the recent research by various medical associations, it has been observed that females contribute to 70% of the total burden of Alzheimer in comparison to males.

Aging is one of the main factors that contribute to this disorder; generally people over the age of 60years are more likely to suffer from Alzheimer. As in senior years, people don’t exercise their brain enough to stay active and hence it leads to loss of memory.

21st September of every year is marked as World Alzheimer Day, to spread the awareness about the diseases. This day the world come together to help the people suffering from Alzheimer’s and make them realize that they are no different from rest of the people.

World Alzheimer_s Day

Alzheimer is a slow progressive neurological disorder of the brain. It’s a neurodegenerative type of dementia, a kind of disease which gets worse with time. In Alzheimer, there is impairment of memory and disturbance during reasoning, planning, speaking, etc. According to scientist, it is believed that during Alzheimer, there is production of a particular protein (beta-amyloid protein) in the brain which leads to the damage of the nerve cells.

There are various symptoms for this disorder, which confirms the disease. They are:

  • Worsened ability to take in and remember new information
  • Impairments to reasoning, complex tasking, exercising judgment
  • Impaired visuospatial abilities
  • Impaired speaking, reading and writing
  • Changes in personality and behavior

There are generally 2 methods adopted for the treatment of Alzheimer:

  • Non-drug strategy
  • Prescription medication

Non-drug strategy is the most recommended and a better option for the treatment of Alzheimer. Depending on the severity of the disorder, prescription medications are suggested.

One can adopt various methods to stay healthy and stay away from Alzheimer like maintaining a healthy weight. Eating healthy diet which includes more of fruits and vegetables, healthy fats and proteins. Exercising everyday regularly for at least 30 minutes as it helps in improving the flow of blood to the brain. Regularly exercising the brain by playing puzzle games, crosswords, etc.

Metro Group of Hospitals have the best and experienced neurosciences specialists and advanced diagnostic technology to take care of patients suffering from Alzheimer Diseases. Call +91 99104 92867 or e-mail metro@metrohospitals.com for appointments.